In order to make the negative past form of う-Verbs
, you will need to change the last kana of the verb into the あ sound kana from the same column (or わ if the original kana was う). After this, the あ sound kana will be followed by ない
(or ます), conjugated into their past forms. This will either be なかった
(casual), or ませんでした
(polite). The negative past form is used to convey that something ‘did not happen’, or ‘was not’.
I did not play at the park.
I did not wash your car.
I did not place it there.
The book was not over there.
A semi-polite form may also be used. This is constructed by using なかった
, and then simply adding です
. This form is not grammatically correct, but is so common that most sources (and native speakers) would consider it correct.
is an exception to the regular conjugation rules of う-Verbs
. The casual past-negative is not あらなかった, but simply なかった
. However, the polite past-negative form conjugates in the same way as would be expected for う-Verbs. ありませんでした